Respiratory and glottal efficiency measures in normal classically trained singers

J Voice. 1996 Jun;10(2):139-45. doi: 10.1016/s0892-1997(96)80040-3.


Respiratory and glottal efficiency measures were collected from a pool of 40 classically trained singers with normal larynges. All singers had > or = 3 years of formal classical voice training and were active professional solo classical singers. Mean flow rates were obtained from all subjects to assess glottal efficiency. Additionally, maximum phonation times and phonation quotients were obtained from a subset of the singers. Pulmonary function test data on forced expiratory volume, forced vital capacity, and forced expiratory flow were obtained for all subjects. Results were compared with published normal values, not specifically derived from trained singers, used commonly in voice laboratories. Differences were found, suggesting the need for separate normative data to be used for evaluation of the vocal athlete.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asthma
  • Female
  • Glottis / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Respiration / physiology*
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Sports
  • Voice / physiology*
  • Voice Quality