A prospective fate map of the late gastrulation mouse primitive streak has been charted in 8.5 dpc mouse embryos developed in culture, using the lineage marker DiI to label groups of cells. As at earlier stages, the fate of cells in the 8.5 dpc primitive streak is regionalised such that successively more caudal regions of the streak give rise to more lateral mesoderm. While most labelled cells over a 24 or 48 h culture period exit from the primitive streak, some are consistently found to remain within it. The most conspicuous resident population is present in the node. To determine when ingression of ectoderm through the streak ceases, ectoderm cells of the streak and posterior neuropore of 8.5-10.0 dpc embryos were labelled. Involution of surface cells to form mesoderm continues until closure of the posterior neuropore but is not seen thereafter.