We describe the descending projections from the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CNIC) in guinea pig. Focal injections of the tracer biocytin, made in physiologically defined frequency regions of the CNIC, labelled laminated axonal terminal fields in the ipsilateral dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus, and bilaterally in the ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body and the dorsal cochlear nucleus. Labelling was also present in the rostral periolivary nucleus, but we could not distinguish a clear border between the terminal fields in this nucleus and those in the ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body. Labelling observed in the ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus, and to a lesser extent in the dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus, was accompanied by retrogradely labelled somata and therefore we cannot conclude unequivocally that the CNIC projects to these lemniscal nuclei. Where the labelling was ordered topographically, its position varied as a function of the best frequency at the injection site. High-frequency regions in the CNIC project to the medial parts of the ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body and dorsal cochlear nucleus, while low-frequency regions in the CNIC project to the lateral parts of the ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body and dorsal cochlear nucleus. Additional axonal labelling with terminal boutons, but with no apparent topographical arrangement, was present in the ipsilateral horizontal cell group, sagulum, and also bilaterally in the superficial granule cell layer of the ventral cochlear nucleus and layer 2 of the dorsal cochlear nucleus. Our findings are consistent with the existence of tonotopically organised feedback projections from the CNIC to the brainstem nuclei that project to it.