Effect of policosanol on foam-cell formation in carrageenan-induced granulomas in rats

J Pharm Pharmacol. 1996 Mar;48(3):306-9. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-7158.1996.tb05922.x.


Policosanol is a new cholesterol-lowering drug isolated and purified from sugar-cane wax, which prevents the development of lipofundin-induced lesions and foam-cell formation in New Zealand rabbits and Wistar rats. This study was conducted to examine the effects of policosanol on foam-cell formation in carrageenan-induced granulomas in rats. Eighteen Wistar rats were randomly distributed in three experimental groups which received orally for 20 days Tween 20 H2O as vehicle (control group) or policosanol at 2.5 or 25 mg kg-1. At the 11th day, lipofundin was injected intraperitoneally for 8 days to induce formation of foam cells in the granuloma. At day 13, carrageenan was injected subcutaneously for granuloma induction and seven days later animals were killed. A significant reduction of the foam-cell formation in granulomas of policosanol-treated rats was observed. It is concluded that policosanol prevents the development of foam cells in carrageenan-induced granulomas (extravascular medium) in rats.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anticholesteremic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Carrageenan
  • Fatty Alcohols / pharmacology*
  • Foam Cells / pathology*
  • Granuloma / chemically induced
  • Granuloma / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Anticholesteremic Agents
  • Fatty Alcohols
  • policosanol
  • Carrageenan