The quality of abortion in Turkey's public sector hospitals is investigated using multiple research methods including observations of actual procedures, interviews with medical staff and clients, and an inventory of materials and equipment. The results suggest that women who obtain abortions in public sector hospitals have a higher abortion rate than the general population. They are likely to receive a vacuum aspiration with minimal pain control medication. Clinical infection control procedures are insufficient, as are interpersonal communication practices including counseling on reproductive health issues and providing factual information. Links with family planning services are strong and the majority of abortion patients who desire family planning receive a contraceptive method, either through direct provision of postabortion contraceptives or referral.