Objective: To study the maternal and fetal outcome in treated antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) pregnancies.
Methods: Sixty pregnancies in 47 APS patients (11 primary and 36 secondary) were followed in a multidisciplinary clinic. Patients testing antiphospholipid antibody positive and having a history of recurrent miscarriages were treated with low-dose aspirin (75 mg) daily. Patients with APS and a previous history of thrombotic events were treated with subcutaneous unfractionated or low molecular weight heparin and low-dose aspirin (75 mg) daily.
Results: The live birth rate increased from 19% of their previous non-treated pregnancies to 70% despite a high incidence of obstetric and fetal complications: pre-eclampsia (18%), prematurity (43%), fetal distress (50%) and intrauterine growth retardation (31%). Two predictors of fetal outcome were observed: the previous obstetric history and the presence of thrombocytopenia. Seven pregnancies (12%) were complicated by thrombotic events during pregnancy or during the puerperium. There were no thrombotic events in those receiving a low molecular weight heparin regimen.
Conclusion: Close obstetric monitoring by a multidisciplinary team and the use of antithrombotic therapy was effective in reducing the fetal wastage in APS pregnancies despite a high incidence of obstetric and fetal complications.