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Comparative Study
, 24 (2), 103-8

Secretory Non-Pancreatic Phopholipase A2 in Severe Sepsis: Relation to Endotoxin, Cytokines and Thromboxane B2

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Comparative Study

Secretory Non-Pancreatic Phopholipase A2 in Severe Sepsis: Relation to Endotoxin, Cytokines and Thromboxane B2

B Guidet et al. Infection.

Abstract

Circulatory secretory non-pancreatic phospholipase A2 (snp-PLA2) was measured prospectively at the onset (day 0) of severe sepsis in 52 patients as well as on day 1 and 2 in 25 patients, in order to answer two questions: 1) does the snp-PLA2 plasma concentration differ according to the type and severity of infection? 2) what is the relation between snp-PLA2 and other mediators involved in severe sepsis, such as endotoxin, cytokines (TNF alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6) and thromboxane B2 (the stable metabolite of thromboxane A2)? On day 0, the snp-PLA2 circulatory level was 78 +/- 17 nmol/min/ml in patients with severe sepsis as compared to 3.5 +/- 2 nmol/min/ml in 40 healthy volunteers. There was no statistical difference according to the outcome, the presence of shock, or the type of infection on day 0. However, snp-PLA2 remained elevated or even increased in patients who ultimately died, while it decreased in survivors (p = 0.01 by ANOVA). The cytokine profiles during the 2-day follow-up were similar to that of snp-PLA2, but the differences were not statistically significant between survivors and non-survivors. No correlation was found between snp-PLA2 and other mediators for either initial or peak values.

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