Platelet-activating factor produces neuronal growth cone collapse

Neuroreport. 1995 Dec 15;6(18):2569-75. doi: 10.1097/00001756-199512150-00029.


It is generally believed that neuronal growth cone collapsing factors are proteins that interact with membrane-bound receptors. Platelet-activating factor (1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine; PAF) - a phospholipid autocoid, also interacts with a membrane-bound neuronal receptor which is similar in nature to collapsing factor receptors. We report that PAF and the nonhydrolyzable PAF agonist, methyl carbamyl PAF (1-O-hexadecyl-2N-methylcarbamyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, mc-PAF), evoke a dose-dependent neuronal growth cone collapse. This collapse is specifically attenuated by the PAF receptor antagonist BN-52021. These data point to a PAF receptor-mediated growth cone collapse. Therefore, PAF must be added to the list of collapsing factors which potentially guide axons to their proper targets in the developing nervous system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Hippocampus / drug effects*
  • Methanol / pharmacology
  • Neurons / drug effects*
  • Platelet Activating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Time Factors


  • Platelet Activating Factor
  • Methanol