Eating attitudes and body shape perceptions among elite rowers: effects of age, gender and weight category

Aust J Sci Med Sport. 1996 Mar;28(1):3-6.


This study examined the influence of age, gender and weight category upon measures associated with eating disorders. Elite rowers (N = 124) participating in the 1994 Great Britain National Squad trials, completed the Eating Attitude Test (EAT) and the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ). Subjects were grouped according to whether they competed in the Lightweight (Female: < 59 kg, N = 31; Male: < 72.5 kg, N = 31) or Heavyweight (Female: N = 31; Male: N = 31) category. Results revealed significantly higher EAT and BSQ scores among the Lightweight group, 16.2% of whom showed EAT scores above the threshold associated with eating disorders. Females showed significantly higher BSQ scores than males. The interaction effect was significant for BSQ, indicating a much greater increase in scores from heavyweight to lightweight for females than for males. EAT and BSQ scores were inversely correlated with age. These results suggest that the risk of eating disorders among elite rowers is mediated by age, gender and weight category.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Attitude*
  • Body Weight*
  • Eating / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sex Factors
  • Sports / physiology
  • Sports / psychology*