Influences of the cell cycle on silencing

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1996 Jun;8(3):354-7. doi: 10.1016/s0955-0674(96)80009-3.

Abstract

Silencing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a form of transcriptional repression that involves the assembly of a specialized and heritable structure of chromatin. The HML and HMR loci, which contain copies of the genes found at the yeast mating-type locus, are silenced, as are telomeres. These examples share several features which are also found in position-effect variegation in flies and X-chromosome inactivation and genomic imprinting in mammals. Silenced chromatin is confined to a few special domains of the yeast genome, and active genes inserted into these domains become silenced. Molecular and genetic evidence has suggested that the establishment of silenced chromatin requires some S phase specific function. Recent experiments indicate that the assembly and maintenance of silenced chromatin can also be influenced at other phases of the cell cycle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal / genetics
  • Transcription, Genetic / physiology*