MOLMOL: a program for display and analysis of macromolecular structures

J Mol Graph. 1996 Feb;14(1):51-5, 29-32. doi: 10.1016/0263-7855(96)00009-4.


MOLMOL is a molecular graphics program for display, analysis, and manipulation of three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules, with special emphasis on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solution structures of proteins and nucleic acids. MOLMOL has a graphical user interface with menus, dialog boxes, and on-line help. The display possibilities include conventional presentation, as well as novel schematic drawings, with the option of combining different presentations in one view of a molecule. Covalent molecular structures can be modified by addition or removal of individual atoms and bonds, and three-dimensional structures can be manipulated by interactive rotation about individual bonds. Special efforts were made to allow for appropriate display and analysis of the sets of typically 20-40 conformers that are conventionally used to represent the result of an NMR structure determination, using functions for superimposing sets of conformers, calculation of root mean square distance (RMSD) values, identification of hydrogen bonds, checking and displaying violations of NMR constraints, and identification and listing of short distances between pairs of hydrogen atoms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antennapedia Homeodomain Protein
  • Aprotinin / chemistry
  • Computer Graphics*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Glutaredoxins
  • Glutathione / chemistry
  • Homeodomain Proteins / chemistry
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Molecular*
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation*
  • Oxidoreductases*
  • Pheromones / chemistry
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Surface Properties
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription Factors*
  • User-Computer Interface


  • Antennapedia Homeodomain Protein
  • Glutaredoxins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Pheromones
  • Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Aprotinin
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Glutathione