Vascular trauma to the lower extremity: the Lebanese war experience

Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 Dec;3(6):653-7. doi: 10.1016/0967-2109(96)82865-1.


The authors' experience with 386 patients who were operated on for vascular injuries to the lower extremities is reviewed. Of these, 118 had popliteal injuries, 252 had femoral injuries and 16 had tibial injuries. The overall mortality rate was 2.33% with no mortality in the popliteal and tibial injuries group whereas there were nine deaths in the femoral injuries group. The overall amputation rate was 5.95%, with 3.17% amputation rate for the femoral injuries group versus 11.86% for the popliteal injuries group and 6.25% for the tibial injuries group. Delay in repair (more than 6 h from injury), associated femoral fractures and shocked condition on admission led to increased amputation rate. Prompt surgical repair, arterial as well as venous repair for popliteal and femoral injuries especially if femoral fracture is present, external skeletal fixation and/or traction, and fasciotomy when necessary led to improved limb salvage.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Amputation, Surgical
  • Blood Vessels / injuries*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lebanon
  • Leg / blood supply*
  • Leg Injuries* / complications
  • Leg Injuries* / etiology
  • Leg Injuries* / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures
  • Warfare*