Evolution of classification systems for Graves' ophthalmopathy

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 1995 Dec;11(4):229-37. doi: 10.1097/00002341-199512000-00001.


Numerous classification schemes for Graves' ophthalmopathy have been proposed in the past 50 years. The evolution of these systems, culminating in the consensus document created by the major international thyroid societies, is reviewed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Eye Diseases / classification*
  • Graves Disease / classification*
  • Humans