Annexins belong to a family of proteins that are characterized by their ability to bind phospholipids in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner that is thought to be involved in a variety of biological processes. The present study determined the localization of annexins in subcellular fractions, nuclei in particular, of cow mammary gland by immunoblot analysis using monoclonal antibodies to annexins I, II, IV, and VI. The analysis revealed that annexins I, II, and IV were present in cytosol, but VI was not. Annexins I and IV were found in the nuclear fraction, but annexin II was only faintly present. Annexin VI was also undetectable in this fraction. Cytosolic annexin I had a molecular mass of 36 kDa. The 36-kDa annexin I was also found in the nuclear fraction. A 38-kDa annexin I was additionally detected in nuclei. The cytosolic and nuclear 36-kDa annexin I and the nuclear 38-kDa annexin I showed different isoelectric points, as revealed by two-dimensional PAGE. Annexin IV from cytosolic and nuclear fractions had similar molecular masses and isoelectric points.