Little formal training is provided in anesthesiology residency programs to help acquire, develop, and practice skills in resource management and decision making during crises in practice. Using anesthesia crisis resource management (ACRM) principles developed at another institution, 68 anesthesiologists and 4 nurse-anesthetists participated in an ACRM training course held over a 2 and a half-month period. The anesthesia environment was recreated in a real operating room, with standard equipment and simulations requiring actual performance of clinical interventions. Scenarios included overdose of inhalation anesthetic, oxygen source failure, cardiac arrest, malignant hyperthermia, tension pneumothorax, and complete power failure. A detailed questionnaire was administered following the debriefing and completed by all participants, documenting their immediate impressions. Participants rated themselves as having performed well in the simulator. Senior attendings and residents rated themselves more highly than did their junior counterparts. The potential benefit of this course for anesthesiologists to practice anesthesia more safely in a controlled exercise environment, was rated highly by both groups. Over one half of respondents in all categories felt that the course should be taken once every 12 months; another third of each group felt that the course should be taken once every 24 months. While no senior attendings believed that the course should be taken once every 6 months, approximately 10% of respondents in other categories that it should. Of respondents in the senior and junior attending category, 5% felt the course should never be taken. Although attendings were less favorable than residents in their rating of the value of the course, both groups were still enthusiastic.