Intraoperative monitoring with pulse Doppler ultrasonography in transsphenoidal surgery: technique application

Neurosurgery. 1996 Jan;38(1):95-7; discussion 97-8. doi: 10.1097/00006123-199601000-00022.


We describe an intraoperative use of pulse Doppler ultrasonography in transsphenoidal surgery to prevent mechanical vascular injury, particularly to the intracavernous portion of the internal carotid artery. This system is integrated by connection to a video processor. The use of Doppler sonography provided real-time measurement of arterial or venous flow velocity and source of flow by both real-time sonograms and sound frequencies. With the use of a microprobe, 1 mm in diameter, vessels located within 7 mm from the tip of the probe could be easily, rapidly, and noninvasively detected, without disturbing operative field. Furthermore, both the size and the distance of a vessel could be measured by turning the dial of Doppler signal gain from initially waxing to waning Doppler sounds, because the acoustic sounds were adjusted to the axial flow of each vessel in 0.1-mm increments. Our intraoperative monitoring enhanced operative safety with technical simplicity and reliability.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / blood supply
  • Adenoma / surgery*
  • Aged
  • Carotid Artery Injuries*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Growth Hormone / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation*
  • Intraoperative Complications / diagnostic imaging
  • Intraoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Microsurgery / instrumentation
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative / instrumentation*
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / blood supply
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Sphenoid Sinus / blood supply
  • Sphenoid Sinus / surgery
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial / instrumentation*


  • Growth Hormone