Ophthalmologic findings in Usher syndrome type 2A

Ophthalmic Genet. 1995 Dec;16(4):151-8. doi: 10.3109/13816819509057856.


Thirty-seven patients, comprising 24 familial cases and 13 isolated patients with Usher syndrome type II (USH2), underwent ophthalmologic examination. Based on the degree of hearing loss, normal vestibular function, and gene-linkage analysis, familial cases were assumed to have USH2A. An analysis of genetic heterogeneity failed to reveal the presence of a second locus in the Dutch population. Although the patients appear to belong to a genetically homogeneous group, remarkable ophthalmologic variability was found. Corrected visual acuity decreased with age and remarkable differences in visual acuity were found within one family. Fundoscopic findings were classified as type A if attenuated vessels and bone corpuscles in all quadrants were found or as type B if findings other than these were found. The prevalence of type A significantly increased with age.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Deafness / complications*
  • Deafness / genetics
  • Electrooculography
  • Electroretinography
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / complications*
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ophthalmoscopy
  • Retinal Diseases / etiology*
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / complications*
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / genetics
  • Syndrome
  • Visual Acuity
  • Visual Fields