Complete inhibition of angiogenesis and growth of microtumors by anti-vascular endothelial growth factor neutralizing antibody: novel concepts of angiostatic therapy from intravital videomicroscopy

Cancer Res. 1996 Sep 1;56(17):4032-9.


In the present study, we evaluated the effects of a neutralizing antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) antibody on angiogenesis and growth of tumor spheroids using an intravital microscopic technique permitting noninvasive, in vivo and in situ study of tumor angiogenesis and tumor growth in conscious mice. Tumor spheroids of the human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line A673, with a diameter between 600 and 1000 microns, were implanted in dorsal skinfold chambers inserted on Beige nude/xid mice. Tumor cells were prelabeled with a fluorescent vital dye [(5-(and-6)-((4-chloromethyl)benzoyl)amino)tetramethylrhodamine], which allowed estimation of the growth of the implanted tumor spheroids. Treatment (i.p.) with the monoclonal antibody A4.6.1, specific for VEGF, completely inhibited neovascularization of the microtumors and suppressed their growth to the extent that tumors implanted in treated animals leveled off at a volume less than 1 mm3, i.e., the anti-VEGF antibody dramatically changed the growth characteristics of the tumor line from being a rapidly growing malignancy to a dormant microcolony.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology*
  • Antibody Specificity*
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines / immunology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Microscopy, Video
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy*
  • Neutralization Tests
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma / blood supply*
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology
  • Spheroids, Cellular
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Lymphokines
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors