Anti-alpha 4 integrin mAb coprecipitated CD81 (TAPA-1), a 25-kDa cell surface protein, from various alpha 4 beta1 -positive hemopoietic cell lines, including Molt4, Jurkat, Ramos, and alpha 4-transfected K562 (KX4C4) cells. In reciprocal experiments, the integrin alpha 4 beta 1 (VLA4, CD49d/CD29) could be reprecipitated from CD81 immunoprecipitates. Anti-alpha 4 integrin mAb also coprecipitated CD81 from the alpha 4 beta 7-positive B cell line RPMI 8866. In contrast, no CD81 was identified in alpha 2 beta 1, alpha 5 beta 1, or alpha L beta 2 immunoprecipitates. Abs to other members of the transmembrane-4 superfamily, including CD53, CD63, and CD82, also coprecipitated alpha 4 beta 1. As shown by confocal microscopy, CD81 and CD82 colocalized with alpha 4 beta 1 in cell surface clusters. The cytoplasmic domain of the alpha 4 integrin was not necessary for alpha 4 beta 1/CD81 association, nor was the association influenced by divalent cations, EDTA, integrin-activating mAb, or alpha 4 subunit cleavage. Notably, two independent alpha 4 adhesion-deficient mutants (D346E and D408E) were deficient in their ability to associate with CD81. Thus, CD81 and other transmembrane-4 superfamily members may participate in functionally relevant interactions with alpha 4 beta 1 and other integrins.