The essential CDC25 gene product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most upstream known component of the RAS/adenylate cyclase pathway. Cdc25 is a GTP-exchange protein involved in activating RAS in response to fermentable carbon sources. In this paper it is reported that the Cdc25 protein, in addition to its stimulatory role in the RAS/adenylate cyclase pathway, regulates glucose transport. Continuous culture studies and glucose uptake experiments showed that the cdc25-1 and the cdc25-5 temperature-sensitive mutants exhibit decreased glucose uptake activity at the restrictive temperature under both repressed and derepressed conditions as compared to the wild-type strain. Because the cdc25-1 mutant is not impaired in its cAMP metabolism, it is concluded that this effect on glucose transport is independent of cAMP levels. Furthermore, it is shown that the decrease in glucose uptake activity is not due to a decrease in protein synthesis or to an arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. In addition to a defect in glucose uptake, the cdc25-5 mutant strain exhibited differences in glucose metabolism, probably due to the decreased cAMP level and hence decreased protein kinase A activity. Because the Cdc25 protein is localized at the membrane, these results indicate that Cdc25 is directly involved in glucose transport and may be in direct contact with the glucose transporters.