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Comparative Study
. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C188-93.
doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.1996.271.1.C188.

cAMP- But Not Ca(2+)-regulated Cl- Conductance Is Lacking in Cystic Fibrosis Mice Epididymides and Seminal Vesicles

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Comparative Study

cAMP- But Not Ca(2+)-regulated Cl- Conductance Is Lacking in Cystic Fibrosis Mice Epididymides and Seminal Vesicles

A Y Leung et al. Am J Physiol. .

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) reflects the loss of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-regulated Cl- secretion consequent to mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. In humans, but not mice, with CF, the disease is associated with male infertility. The present study investigated the relative magnitudes of the cAMP pathways and an alternative Ca(2+)-regulated Cl- secretory pathway in primary cultures of the epididymides and the seminal vesicles of normal and CF mice. The basal equivalent short-circuit currents (Ieq) of cultures derived from the epididymides and the seminal vesicles from the CF mice were lower (6.0 +/- 0.6 and 4.0 +/- 1.0 muA/cm2, respectively) than those from normal mice (11.1 +/- 1.0 and 6.6 +/- 0.6 muA/cm2, respectively). Forskolin induced significant Ieq responses in both the epididymis (8.0 +/- 0.7 muA/cm2) and seminal vesicles (4.0 +/- 0.5 muA/cm2) from normal mice, whereas forskolin-induced changes in Ieq in CF mouse epididymis and seminal vesicles were absent, consistent with defective cAMP-CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion in CF mice. Ieq responses to agonists (ionomycin, ATP) that raise intracellular Ca2+ (Ca2+i) were larger than forskolin responses in normal animals (6.6 +/- 0.9 and 13.4 +/- 1.8 muA/cm2, respectively) and were preserved in CF (6.5 +/- 0.9 and 17.1 +/- 1.0 muA/cm2, respectively). We speculate that the fertility of male CF mice is maintained by persistent expression of the predominant alternative Ca(2+)-mediated Cl- transport system in the epididymides and seminal vesicles.

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