Prevalence of celiac disease in patients with juvenile chronic arthritis

J Pediatr. 1996 Aug;129(2):311-3. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(96)70262-7.


We estimated the prevalence of celiac disease in children with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), using antiendomysium antibodies as the screening test to select patients for intestinal biopsy. We studied 119 children with JCA and found four patients with antiendomysium antibodies. In three of these patients (2.5%), intestinal biopsy revealed villous atrophy; in the fourth the intestinal mucosa was normal. We conclude that the prevalence of celiac disease is increased in patients with JCA.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Antibodies / analysis
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / complications*
  • Biopsy
  • Celiac Disease / complications*
  • Celiac Disease / immunology
  • Celiac Disease / pathology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Mucosa / pathology
  • Male
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal / immunology
  • Myofibrils / immunology
  • Prevalence


  • Antibodies
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate