A case of a child with recurrent episodes of severe hypoglycemia since the age of 6 months is reported. Biochemical evaluation extended to the first-degree relatives is consistent with a familial form of hypoglycemia due to a leucine-sensitive hyperinsulinism. In addition, this patient has a persistent elevation of serum ammonia levels of uncertain etiology that is more pronounced after meals. Urea cycle defects, organic acidurias, and beta-oxidation defects have been ruled out, as well as a possible excessive deamination of glucogenetic amino acids. This unexpected hyperammonemia, which was also detected in the mother, might be related to leucine hypersensitivity.