A retrospective study of 21 patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) was done. Thirteen had prior resection of bronchiectasis and eight had not. Information about present complaints was obtained by a questionnaire. The prevalence of present respiratory symptoms was the same in both groups. The surgical patients had more severe disease and 85% of them considered the operation beneficial. Selected patients with PCD may have improved conditions with resection of bronchiectasis.