Changes in marketplace demand for physicians: a study of medical journal recruitment advertisements

JAMA. 1996 Sep 4;276(9):695-9.


Objective: To measure trends in marketplace demand for physicians in different specialties.

Methods: Retrospective review of physician recruitment advertisements appearing in the September issues of 7 medical journals in 1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, and 1995.

Main outcome measure: Number of advertised positions in each of the studied specialties.

Results: Steep declines in the number of advertised positions for specialist physicians over the past 5 years were consistently observed with the exception of pediatric specialists. The most dramatic changes occurred in the number of internal medicine specialist positions, which declined by 75% since 1990. For physicians as a whole, there were 4 specialist positions for every generalist position advertised in 1990; by 1995, this ratio dropped to 1.8. Family medicine exhibited continuous growth in the number of advertised positions, more than doubling during the period studied.

Conclusions: Our data suggest a recent decline in marketplace demand for physicians, particularly those in specialist fields. Among generalists, demand for internists and pediatricians is rising. Ongoing analysis of these advertisements will provide timely information about the demand for physicians in a rapidly changing health care system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Advertising
  • Data Collection
  • Health Care Reform
  • Health Services Needs and Demand*
  • Health Workforce* / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Workforce* / trends
  • Logistic Models
  • Medicine / trends
  • Periodicals as Topic
  • Personnel Selection*
  • Physicians / supply & distribution*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Specialization*
  • United States