Despite major initiatives in public and professional education about foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in Saskatchewan in the last 20 years, its incidence rate has not fallen. The rate was 0.515 per 1,000 live births in 1973-1977 and 0.589 in 1988-1992. Two hundred and seven (207) cases were ascertained, the majority being patients of the Alvin Buckwold Child Development Program in Saskatoon. These individuals were severely handicapped: 72% had at least one malformation, the mean intelligence quotient was 67.8 (range 35-106) and 45.9% had a behaviour problem. Only 25.6% still lived with their biological parents when last seen, and only 27 of 108 cases were in a regular class at school without additional support being necessary. New approaches are needed to reduce the incidence of FAS. Emphasis should be placed on individual case-finding, counselling for high-risk women, and community development programs. We are currently attempting this through a provincial coordinating committee.