Peak expiratory flow rate of carpet weaving children

Indian Pediatr. 1996 Feb;33(2):105-8.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the adverse influence of carpet weaving on lung functions and the nurtritional status of children employed in such factories.

Design: Comparison of the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) of the study group with controls of similar socio-economic status and correlate it with anthropometric values.

Setting: Field study.

Subjects: One hundred and ten boys, 6-15 years of age engaged in 23 carpet weaving factories of Jaipur city.

Outcome measures: Linear regression analysis using age, height and weight as independent variables and PEFR as the dependent variable.

Results: PEFR of carpet weaving children were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than controls for all except 6-7 years group. The height, weight and chest circumference of these children were also lower (p < 0.05). PEFR did not show significant difference when children were grouped according to their height.

Conclusions: Children working in carpet weaving factories are shorter and lighter compared to normal school going children. As a consequence of the growth retardation, their PEFR values were also lower as compared to normal children.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anthropometry
  • Child
  • Employment*
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Peak Expiratory Flow Rate*
  • Reference Values
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Textile Industry*