Clinical and ultrasonographic implications of uterine leiomyomatosis in pregnancy

Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 1995;22(4):293-7.


Objective: To study the complications related to leiomyomatosis in pregnancy by clinical and ultrasonographic assessment.

Design: A retrospective study.

Subjects: All pregnancies admitted to the 2nd Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Policlinico Umberto I, in the period between January 1992 to December 1993 were surveyed.

Results: Gestational age at the time of ultrasonographic neoplasm diagnosis was 25.1 +/- 13.4 weeks, 'we found no correlation between maternal age or parity affecting pregnancy outcome, Leiomyomatosis complicated pregnancy rate was 1.68%. Myomatosis was diagnosed clinically in 25 of 67 cases (37.3%). Regarding the location of the neoplasm, 59% was located in the corpus-uteri, 21% was considered a diffuse neoplasm and the 14% was located in the fundus. Threatened abortion was the most frequent complication (20%), abortion was the second (16.4%). We observed an increased abortion threat rate (p < 0.001) in those cases where the leiomyoma was in relation with the placenta. We had a surgery rate of 76% in pregnancies complicated by myomatosis, and the indication for surgery was given either primarily or exclusively by the presence of myomatous formation in 19 cases (50%).

Conclusions: Our study suggests that location of the leiomyoma in relation to the placenta is a higher risk factor than its size, and that there is a higher risk for threats of abortion and abortion rates in pregnancies complicated by leiomyomatosis. We recommend that every pregnant woman with a suspected myoma should be ultrasonographically scanned.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cesarean Section
  • Delivery, Obstetric
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leiomyomatosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Leiomyomatosis / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic*
  • Ultrasonography
  • Uterine Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / epidemiology