Maternally inherited diabetes and deafness: a new diabetes subtype

Diabetologia. 1996 Apr;39(4):375-82. doi: 10.1007/BF00400668.


Diabetes mellitus is a common disease with many forms of clinical expression. In addition, the development of diabetic complications is not only dependent on glycaemic control but also on individual factors which may be related to genetic heterogeneity. At present, multiple genetic factors are being recognized as contributing to the development of diabetes or possibly modulating its clinical expression. The purpose of this review is to give an overview of our current knowledge on a subtype of diabetes which is apparently caused by a single mutation in the mitochondrial DNA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Deafness / genetics*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / classification*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / genetics*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / genetics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / genetics
  • Female
  • Genomic Imprinting
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pedigree
  • Point Mutation*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic


  • DNA, Mitochondrial