Inactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in muscle during exercise

Am J Physiol. 1996 Feb;270(2 Pt 1):E299-304. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1996.270.2.E299.


Malonyl-CoA, an inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle mitochondria, decreases in rat skeletal muscle during exercise or in response to electrical stimulation. Regulation of rat skeletal muscle acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), the enzyme that synthesizes malonyl-CoA, was studied in vitro and in vivo. Avidin-Sepharose affinity-purified ACC from hindlimb skeletal muscle was phosphorylated by purified liver AMP-activated protein kinase with a concurrent decrease in ACC activity. AMP-activated protein kinase was quantitated in resuspended ammonium sulfate precipitates of the fast-twitch red (type IIa fibers) region of the quadriceps muscle. Rats running on a treadmill at 21 m/min up a 15% grade show a 2.4-fold activation of AMP-activated protein kinase concurrently with a marked decrease in ACC activity in the resuspended ammonium sulfate precipitates at all citrate concentrations ranging from 0 to 20 mM. Malonyl-CoA decreased from a resting value of 1.85 +/- 0.29 to 0.50 +/- 0.09 nmol/g in red quadriceps muscle after 30 min of treadmill running. The activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase with consequent phosphorylation and inactivation of ACC may be one of the primary events in the control of malonyl-CoA and hence fatty acid oxidation during exercise.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Enzyme Activation
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Malonyl Coenzyme A / metabolism
  • Motor Activity / physiology*
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / enzymology*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Malonyl Coenzyme A
  • Protein Kinases
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase