Modulation of non-templated nucleotide addition by Taq DNA polymerase: primer modifications that facilitate genotyping

Biotechniques. 1996 Jun;20(6):1004-6, 1008-10. doi: 10.2144/96206st01.


Taq DNA polymerase can catalyze non-templated addition of a nucleotide (principally adenosine) to the 3' end of PCR-amplified products. Recently, we showed that this activity, which is primer-specific, presents a potential source of error in genotyping studies based on the use of short tandem repeat (STR) markers. Furthermore, in reviewing our data, we found that non-templated nucleotide addition adjacent to a 3' terminal C is favored and that addition adjacent to a 3' terminal A is not. It was clear, however, that features of the template in addition to the 3' terminal base also affect the fraction of product adenylated. To define consensus sequences that promote or inhibit product adenylation, we transplanted sequences between the 5' ends of the reverse primers of markers that are adenylated and those of markers that are not adenylated. It proved difficult to identify a single sequence capable of protecting the products of all markers from non-templated addition of nucleotide. On the other hand, placing the sequence GTTTCTT on the 5' end of reverse primers resulted in nearly 100% adenylation of the 3' end of the forward strand. This modification or related ones (called "PIG-tailing") should facilitate accurate genotyping and efficient T/A cloning.

Publication types

  • Technical Report

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular / methods*
  • DNA Primers / chemistry*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / chemistry*
  • Genotype*
  • Oligonucleotides
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / chemistry*
  • Taq Polymerase


  • DNA Primers
  • Oligonucleotides
  • Taq Polymerase
  • RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase