Perforation of the right aortic valve cusp: complication of ventricular septal defect closure with a modified Rashkind umbrella

Pediatr Cardiol. 1996 Nov-Dec;17(6):416-8. doi: 10.1007/s002469900093.


An 18-month-old boy with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) had undergone transcatheter closure of the defect with a modified 17 mm Rashkind umbrella device at age 4 months (weight 3.8 kg). The clinical signs of a VSD persisted, and he developed aortic incompetence, first detected 5 months after the procedure, which progressed from mild to moderate. A three-dimensional echocardiographic study demonstrated that one of the four arms holding the umbrella was protruding into the aortic valve and had perforated the right aortic valve cusp. This diagnosis was confirmed at subsequent surgery. Surgical repair of the perforated right aortic valve leaflet was necessary. The umbrella was adherent to the tricuspid valve and could not be removed. Instead it was left in situ, but three of the stainless steel arms were cut off. When umbrella closure of a perimembranous VSD is undertaken, the close proximity of part of the distal umbrella to the aortic valve can lead to aortic regurgitation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / etiology*
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / surgery
  • Aortic Valve* / diagnostic imaging
  • Echocardiography
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Prostheses and Implants*