A collection of 130 Acinetobacter strains identified by DNA hybridization to 18 different genomic species was used to assess the ability of the API 20NE system (bioMérieux, France) to identify Acinetobacter genomic species and to determine its accuracy. Fifty-eight (87%) of the 67 strains of genomic species defined in the database (version 5.1) were identified to the appropriate genomic species. The Acinetobacter baumannii strains and the Acinetobacter haemolyticus strains were all identified correctly. Three of five Acinetobacter junii strains, three of eight Acinetobacter johnsonii strains, and 11 of 13 Acinetobacter lwoffii strains were also identified correctly. The 58 correctly identified strains represented 45% of the total 130 strains. Thirty-six of the 72 inappropriately identified strains were designated Acinetobacter baumannii. Thirty-one of these 36 strains belonged to genomic species 1 (Acinetobacter calcoaceticus), 3, or 13TU. Analysis of the profiles showed that the API system does not discriminate between genomic species 1, 2, 3, and 13TU. Lumping of these groups into the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex in the API 20NE database would make the system considerably more accurate. Incorporation of these data into the database may improve identification of the remaining genomic species, including some that are not defined. However, the discriminative power of the tests in the API galleries is insufficient for correct identification of all Acinetobacter genomic species.