Guidelines for the administration of amifostine

Semin Oncol. 1996 Aug;23(4 Suppl 8):40-3.


The preclinical evaluation of amifostine confirms selective protection of normal tissues against toxicity due to radiation therapy and alkylating agent chemotherapy, while largely maintaining the antitumor effects of these therapies. The mechanism of protection mediated by amifostine at the molecular, cellular, and tissue levels is not completely understood but is, in part, through scavenging oxygen-free radicals. Significant side effects related to amifostine include nausea, vomiting, and hypotension, which can be ameliorated with appropriate premedications. Ongoing studies will continue to explore the optimal use of this cytoprotective agent.

MeSH terms

  • Amifostine / pharmacokinetics
  • Amifostine / therapeutic use*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Premedication*
  • Radiation-Protective Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Radiation-Protective Agents / therapeutic use*


  • Radiation-Protective Agents
  • Amifostine