Angelman syndrome in an inbred family

Hum Genet. 1996 Mar;97(3):294-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02185757.


Angelman syndrome (AS) is characterized by severe mental retardation, absent speech, puppet-like movements, inappropriate laughter, epilepsy, and abnormal electroencephalogram. The majority of AS patients (approximately 65%) have a maternal deficiency within chromosomal region 15q11-q13, caused by maternal deletion or paternal uniparental disomy (UPD). Approximately 35% of AS patients exhibit neither detectable deletion nor UPD, but a subset of these patients have abnormal methylation at several loci in the 15q11-q13 region. We describe here three patients with Angelman syndrome belonging to an extended inbred family. High resolution chromosome analysis combined with DNA analysis using 14 marker loci from the 15ql1-q13 region failed to detect a deletion in any of the three patients. Paternal UPD of chromosome 15 was detected in one case, while the other two patients have abnormal methylation at D15S9, D15S63, and SNRPN. Although the three patients are distantly related, the chromosome 15q11-q13 haplotypes are different, suggesting that independent mutations gave rise to AS in this family.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Angelman Syndrome / genetics*
  • Angelman Syndrome / metabolism
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 / genetics
  • DNA / analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Methylation
  • Pedigree


  • DNA