Thirty-three cadaveric dissections were performed to identify radial nerve branching patterns to the triceps brachii. Radial innervation of the long head of the triceps originated in the axilla in 88% of the cases and the brachio-axillary angle in 12%. Innervation of the medial head of the triceps originated in the spiral groove in 52% of the cases, the brachio-axillary angle in 39%, and the axilla in 9%. The lateral head was innervated by branches arising in the spiral groove in 70% of the cases, the brachio-axillary angle in 24%, and the axilla in 6%. On average, the radial nerve crossed the midline in the proximal 45% of the arm, 3 cm superior to the level of the deltoid insertion. An intramuscular tendon was present in the medial head of the triceps. The tendon, located medial to the midline of the arm, was seen in all specimens. This tendon serves as an interneural plane with nerve branches descending on either side, but never crossing from one side to the other. Due to the complexity of radial nerve branching, this tendon may be used as a reference plane for longitudinal splitting of the medial head minimizing the risk of nerve damage.