Subjective reports on the effects of the MDMA ('ecstasy') experience in humans

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1995 Nov;19(7):1137-45. doi: 10.1016/0278-5846(95)00231-6.


1. The objective of this paper was to provide an understanding of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) use. This investigation provides the subjective effects that were reported by MDMA users. 2. There were a total of (500) humans who participated in this study. 3. Using a survey device, data from users were collected. Symptomatology associated with both the consumption of MDMA and its residual effects are documented. 4. Tables have been constructed to present prevalent psychological and physical side-effects associated with MDMA intake. 5. The results suggest that MDMA has significant implications with various psychological disorders and physical manifestations.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anxiety / chemically induced
  • Behavior / drug effects*
  • Depression / chemically induced
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine / pharmacology*
  • Paranoid Disorders / chemically induced
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine