Methods for a population-based study of eye disease: the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project

Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 1994 Dec;1(3):139-48. doi: 10.3109/09286589409047222.


The methodology of the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project, a major population-based survey of eye disease on 3,500 randomly selected individuals aged 40 years of age and over in the Melbourne metropolitan region, is presented. The aims of the study are to determine the distribution and determinants of eye disease in an urban population; the impact of eye disease on visual function and the activities of daily living; and the accessibility of eye health care services in the community. All procedures are conducted according to a standardised protocol to allow for comparison with other population-based studies, both in Australia and overseas. Information collected from this study will be employed in the development of recommendations related to eye health care service delivery and establishment of priorities for future public education programmes and health research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Eye Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Eye Diseases / physiopathology
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Humans
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prevalence
  • Urban Population
  • Vision Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Vision Disorders / physiopathology
  • Visual Acuity
  • Visual Fields