Molecular responses to drought and cold stress

Curr Opin Biotechnol. 1996 Apr;7(2):161-7. doi: 10.1016/s0958-1669(96)80007-3.


A variety of plant genes are induced by drought and cold stress, and they are thought to be involved in the stress tolerance of the plant. At least five signal transduction pathways control these genes: two are dependent on abscisic acid (ABA), and the others are ABA-independent. A novel cis-acting element involved in one of the ABA-independent signal transduction pathways has been identified. In addition, a number of genes for protein kinases and transcription factors thought to be involved in the stress signal transduction cascades have been shown to be induced by environmental stresses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abscisic Acid / physiology
  • Base Sequence
  • Cold Temperature*
  • DNA, Plant
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Plants / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Water*


  • DNA, Plant
  • Transcription Factors
  • Water
  • Abscisic Acid