Crystal deposition disease. Diagnosis by electron microscopy

Am J Med. 1977 Jul;63(1):161-4. doi: 10.1016/0002-9343(77)90128-0.


The diagnosis of gout and pseudogout has traditionally been established by the identification, in synovial fluid, of monosodium urate and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals with compensated polarizing light microscopy. In this paper the utility of electron microscopy in establishing these diagnosis in two cases, when the conventional means of synovial fluid analysis had failed to do so, is discussed. The application of ultrastructural analysis of synovial fluid increases diagnostic capability in the crystal deposition diseases, and it is recommended for those patients in whom the more usual studies have not established a diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Calcium Pyrophosphate
  • Chondrocalcinosis / diagnosis*
  • Chondrocalcinosis / pathology
  • Crystallization
  • Female
  • Gout / diagnosis*
  • Gout / pathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron*
  • Synovial Fluid
  • Uric Acid


  • Uric Acid
  • Calcium Pyrophosphate