Renal cell carcinoma

Curr Opin Oncol. 1996 May;8(3):247-51. doi: 10.1097/00001622-199605000-00014.


Renal cell carcinoma remains a challenge to clinical medicine, with curative therapy experienced by a minority of patients. Mounting evidence suggests that the biological response modifiers, which consistently produce durable responses in some patients, may not need to be given in the high doses that have been associated with considerable, even fatal, toxicity; low-dose regimens in combination with conventional chemotherapeutic agents are yielding comparable, and possibly superior, results. Molecular biologic techniques have now advanced to the point where better classification schemes and prognostic variables are being elucidated, which may allow better optimization of specific treatment programs by allowing better patient discrimination. Further, with a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of renal carcinogenesis, new agents and approaches to the problem of advanced renal cell carcinoma can be developed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell* / therapy
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use
  • Immunotherapy
  • Interferon-alpha / therapeutic use
  • Interleukin-2 / therapeutic use
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / epidemiology
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / therapy
  • Ligases*
  • Oncogenes
  • Prognosis
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins*
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases*
  • Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein


  • Immunologic Factors
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Interleukin-2
  • Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein
  • Ligases
  • VHL protein, human