Visual outcome of patients with idiopathic ischaemic and non-ischaemic retinal vasculitis

Eye (Lond). 1996;10 ( Pt 3):343-8. doi: 10.1038/eye.1996.71.

Abstract

This study investigated whether patients with ischaemic retinal vasculitis have a worse visual outcome than those with non-ischaemic disease. A retrospective study was made of 53 patients with idiopathic retinal vasculitis (RV), with minimum 5 year follow-up. Patients were categorised into ischaemic and non-ischaemic groups by fluorescein angiography. Visual outcome was determined by visual acuity at their last attendance. Twenty patients (38 eyes) had ischaemic RV; 33 patients (63 eyes) had non-ischaemic RV. At presentation there was no significant difference between the groups in the proportion of eyes with poor vision (6/60 or less). Ischaemic RV patients had a worse visual outcome than those with non-ischaemic RV: 13 of 38 (34%) eyes in the ischaemic group had a final poor vision compared with 4 of 63 (6%) eyes in the non-ischaemic group (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.0005).

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Ischemia / complications*
  • Ischemia / diagnosis
  • Ischemia / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Recurrence
  • Retinal Diseases / complications*
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Retinal Diseases / therapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vasculitis / complications*
  • Vasculitis / diagnosis
  • Vasculitis / therapy
  • Vision Disorders / etiology*
  • Vision Disorders / physiopathology
  • Visual Acuity