Comparison of ultrasound transmission velocity with computed metacarpal radiogrammetry and dual-photon absorptiometry

Eur Radiol. 1996;6(2):192-5. doi: 10.1007/BF00181144.


The aim of our study was to evaluate the validity of a quantitative US technique for measuring the bone density of the proximal phalanges of the nondominant hand compared with computed metacarpal radiogrammetry and dual-photon absorptiometry (DPA) of the lumbar spine. Mean US bone velocity (UBV) correlated with mean metacarpal cortical index (MCI), with mean metacarpal bone density (MBD) and with bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine, whereas it was correlated negatively with age and menopause duration. The average UBV was significantly higher in premenopausal women than in postmenopausal women, and higher in normal lumbar DPA patients than in reduced lumbar DPA patients. We conclude that the US evaluation of the nondominant hand proximal phalanges may be a new alternative way for measuring bone mass in screening of osteoporosis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon*
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bone Density*
  • Female
  • Fingers / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / pathology*
  • Mass Screening
  • Menopause
  • Metacarpus / diagnostic imaging*
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / prevention & control
  • Postmenopause
  • Premenopause
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Ultrasonography