1. The effect of amphetamine on the secretion of testosterone and the production of testicular adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) in rats was studied. 2. A single intravenous injection of amphetamine decreased the basal and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-stimulated levels of plasma testosterone. Plasma LH levels were not altered by the injection of amphetamine. 3. Administration of amphetamine in vitro resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of both basal and hCG-stimulated release of testosterone. 4. Amphetamine enhanced the basal and hCG-increased levels of cyclic AMP accumulation in vitro in rat testes. 5. These results suggest that amphetamine inhibits the spontaneous and hCG-stimulated secretion of testosterone from the testes through a mechanism involving an increase in cyclic AMP production.