Among 652 patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome who underwent radiofrequency ablation in this laboratory, 139 (21%) were found to have a total of 146 posteroseptal accessory pathways. Ablation was conducted by the regular transvenous or transaortic approach; ablation from cardiac venous structures was used only if regular approaches were unsuccessful. Of the 146 posteroseptal accessory pathways, 94 were successfully ablated from the left posteroseptal region and 45 from the right posteroseptal region. In 3, successful ablation of the accessory pathway required delivery of the current to the proximal coronary sinus, and in 1 it required delivery of the current to both the atrial and ventricular aspects of the tricuspid valve at the right posteroseptum. Thus, the accessory pathway was successfully ablated in 143 (98%) of 146 instances or in 136 (98%) patients. In 3 patients, ablation was unsuccessful despite delivery of current to the left posteroseptum, the right posteroseptum, the proximal coronary sinus, and the middle cardiac vein. Seventy-seven (57%) patients with an initial success, including 9 patients with resumed preexcitation or recurrence of paipitations, underwent a follow-up electro-physiologic study 90 +/- 72 days after ablation. Of these 9 patients, the initial successful ablation site was the right posteroseptum in 7 and the left posteroseptum in 2. The accessory pathways were ablated successfully by subsequent trials in 8 patients, whereas in 1 the accessory pathway was severely damaged. Thus radiofrequency ablation of posteroseptal accessory pathways can be achieved by the regular transvenous or transaortic approach; delivery of current to the coronary sinus or middle cardiac vein is unnecessary in most patients.