A third periplasmic transport system for L-arginine in Escherichia coli: molecular characterization of the artPIQMJ genes, arginine binding and transport

Mol Microbiol. 1995 Aug;17(4):675-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.1995.mmi_17040675.x.


A new binding-protein-dependent transport system of Escherichia coli specific for L-arginine was characterized by genetic and biochemical means. The system is encoded by five adjacent genes, artPIQMJ (art standing for arginine transport), which are organized in two transcriptional units (artPIQM and artJ). The artl and artJ gene products (Artl and ArtJ) are periplasmic binding proteins with sequence similarity to binding proteins for polar (basic) amino acids. The artQ, artM and artP products are similar to the transmembraneous proteins and the ATPase of binding-protein-dependent carriers. The mature Artl and J proteins were localized in the periplasm and lacked signal peptides of 19 amino acid residues. Artl and ArtJ were isolated from overproducing strains. ArtJ specifically binds L-arginine with high affinity and overproduction of ArtJ stimulated L-arginine uptake by the bacteria. The substrate for Artl is not known, and isolated Artl did not bind common amino acids, various basic uncommon amino acids or amines. It is concluded that the artPIQM artJ genes encode a third arginine-uptake system in addition to the known argT hisJQMP system of Salmonella typhimurium and E. coli and the arginine (-ornithine) carrier (aps) of E. coli.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Transport Systems, Basic*
  • Arginine / metabolism*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Bacterial Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Base Sequence
  • Biological Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Cell Compartmentation
  • Cell Fractionation
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli Proteins*
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Genomic Library
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Periplasmic Binding Proteins*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Analysis
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Amino Acid Transport Systems, Basic
  • ArtJ protein, E coli
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Periplasmic Binding Proteins
  • Arginine

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X67753
  • GENBANK/X69108
  • GENBANK/X84312
  • GENBANK/X86160