Genetic analysis of two tomato mutants affected in the regulation of iron metabolism

Mol Gen Genet. 1996 Aug 27;252(1-2):87-92. doi: 10.1007/BF02173208.

Abstract

Iron is one of the most important micronutrients for plants. Like other organisms, plants have developed active mechanisms for the acquisition of sufficient iron from the soil. Nevertheless, very little is known about the genetic mechanisms that control the active uptake. In tomato, two spontaneously derived mutants are available, which are defective in key steps that control this process. The recessive mutation chloronerva (chln) affects a gene which controls the synthesis of the non-protein amino acid nicotianamine (NA), a key component in the iron physiology of plants. The root system of the recessive mutant fer is unable to induce any of the characteristic responses to iron deficiency and iron uptake is thus completely blocked. We present a characterization of the double mutant, showing that the fer gene is epistatic over the chln gene and thus very likely to be one of the major genetic elements controlling iron physiology in tomato. In order to gain access to these two genes at the molecular level, both mutants were precisely mapped onto the high density RFLP map of tomato. The chln gene is located on chromosome 1 and the fer gene is on chromosome 6 of tomato. Using this high-resolution map, a chromosome walk has been started to isolate the fer gene by map-based cloning. The isolation of the fer gene will provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms of iron uptake control in plants.

MeSH terms

  • Algal Proteins*
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • DNA Primers
  • Genes, Plant*
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Genetic Markers
  • Iron / metabolism*
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / genetics*
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique

Substances

  • Algal Proteins
  • DNA Primers
  • Genetic Markers
  • Plant Proteins
  • Iron