Dental erosion. Definition, classification and links

Eur J Oral Sci. 1996 Apr;104(2 ( Pt 2)):151-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.1996.tb00063.x.


An overview of tooth wear, i.e. of non-carious destructive processes affecting the teeth including abrasion, demastication, attrition, abfraction, resorption and erosion is presented. The nomenclature and classification of dental erosion commonly used in the dental literature are summarized. They are based on etiology (extrinsic, intrinsic, idiopathic), on clinical severity (Classes I to III), on pathogenetic activity (manifest, latent) or on localization (perimolysis). Interactions between erosion and abrasion, demastication, attrition, and abfraction as well as caries and low salivary flow rate are highlighted.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acids / adverse effects
  • Beverages / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Mastication
  • Saliva / chemistry
  • Terminology as Topic*
  • Tooth Abrasion / classification
  • Tooth Abrasion / etiology
  • Tooth Attrition / classification
  • Tooth Attrition / etiology
  • Tooth Cervix / pathology
  • Tooth Erosion / classification*
  • Tooth Erosion / etiology
  • Tooth Fractures / classification
  • Tooth Resorption / classification
  • Toothbrushing / adverse effects


  • Acids