Okadaic acid has been shown to induce premature mitosis in HeLa cells belonging to both S-phase and G2-phase. The response is dependent on concentration and perhaps also on the differential susceptibility of cells to okadaic acid (OA). OA resembles caffeine in its ability to override the DNA-replication check point but differs in being capable of inducing premature mitosis in cells in G2-phase, thereby accelerating mitosis. Chromosomes from mitotic cells induced in G2-phase show a typical banding pattern similar to G-banding. From immunoblot experiments and survey of the relevant literature it has been argued that OA may modulate both a tyrosine kinase and a tyrosine phosphatase activity to override the S-phase checkpoint and accelerate the activation of MPF in cells in G2-phase, respectively.