Cloning of a novel neuronal nitric oxide synthase expressed in penis and lower urinary tract

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Sep 4;226(1):145-51. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1996.1324.


The neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is the main NOS isoform in the urogenital tract catalyzing the synthesis of nitric oxide, the mediator of penile erection and presumably an important factor in the control of urinary voiding. We have cloned from the rat penile corpora cavernosa a cDNA coding for a novel nNOS differing from the cerebellar nNOS by the presence of a 102 nucleotides stretch and other features. This new species is the only nNOS mRNA expressed in the rat penis, urethra, prostate, and skeletal muscle, coexists with the cerebellar nNOS in the pelvic plexus and bladder, and is detectable in the cerebellum. The novel insert is present in human penile RNA and is transcribed from intron 16. The features and distribution of the penile nNOS suggest that it is may be regulated differentially from the cerebellar nNOS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neurons / enzymology*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase / genetics*
  • Penis / enzymology*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Rats
  • Urinary Tract / enzymology*


  • DNA, Complementary
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U67309